What is a Sex Crime?
Sex crimes involve any offenses related to any type of illegal sexual encounter that may also result in physical or emotional harm. Sex offenses are extremely serious and if guilt is proven, they can hold hefty consequences such as prison time, being listed on the sex offender registry, and large fines. Some of the types of sex crimes that fall under this category include sexual assault, rape, child sexual abuse, incest, statutory rape, indecent exposure, child molestation, and more.
Criminal Court Process for Alleged Sex Offenders in Cobb County
When an individual is accused of a sexual offense in Cobb County, Georgia, the first thing that will happen is the report. A person will make a report to the police if they believe that a person is committing sexual crimes, whether with an adult or a minor. After the report, an investigation will take place. This investigation will collect evidence either for or against the person, and an interview with the accused individual will take place. Witnesses and the victim will also give statements about the situation.
If it is determined that there is enough evidence against the accused individual, they will issue an arrest warrant and submit the information for prosecution with the courts. The police will either arrange for the accused person’s surrender with their lawyer or they will come to arrest the accused individual and take them into custody. At this point, they will read that person their Miranda rights.
What Happens After a Sex Crime Arrest?
Following the arrest, a person will be booked into jail and then placed in a holding cell. In instances of rape, aggravated sodomy, aggravated child molestation, aggravated sexual battery, a sex crimes attorney must submit a request to the Superior Court for bail. This process may take several weeks, and depending on the crime, the amount may be set at a hefty rate or may not be set at all in order to keep the accused behind bars.
The first step in a sex crime case is the preliminary or committal hearing. This is used to determine whether or not there is enough evidence to even proceed with a trial. The case will only move forward if there is sufficient evidence and probable cause. If the case moves forward, the criminal defense lawyer will set in place a motion on the accused individual’s behalf. Some of the types of motions include:
- Motion to Suppress: evidence was obtained illegally and should be excluded. This could include an illegal search and seizure.
- Motion for Discovery: the process of receiving information about the evidence for or against the accused individual.
Then a trial will begin. This will either take place as a bench trial (the judge decides) or a jury trial. The accused individual can work with their lawyer to determine which trial best suits their case. If the accused person is found guilty of criminal sexual conduct, they may be able to appeal for a new trial with a new jury.